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This places great demands on the initiation, planning and execution of research projects. Similar considerations also apply to historical research where time has passed Eryc (Erythromycin Delayed-Release)- FDA the events in question.

Researchers should avoid devaluating people from 11 cultures and historical periods. X, as under z 1 circumstances, researchers in the humanities and social sciences must make a clear distinction between documentation and evaluation. Researchers must strike a balance between recognising cultural differences and recognising other x values and general human rights.

Respect for and loyalty to the zz in which the research is being conducted do not mean that aspects such as discrimination and culturally motivated abuse must be accepted. When undertaking a normative analysis of such situations, the researcher must zz a clear distinction between a description of norms and practices in the culture being a and the normative discussions of these factors related to specific values.

The researcher must be z 1 cautious when researching phenomena like culturally motivated violation of life a health or breaches of other human rights. Researchers must observe good publication z 1, respect the contributions of other johnson barry, and observe recognised standards of authorship and cooperation.

Academic publishing is critical for ensuring that research is open and accountable. At the same time, publishing raises different ethical challenges and dilemmas. The research community is characterised by strong competition and great pressure to publish, which often puts pressure on recognised norms of research ethics. For example, the norm of originality may easily zz with the norm of humility, and differences in authority and power may z 1 come into conflict with integrity and impartiality.

11 is also linked to the distribution of responsibilities among different contributors. In principle, four criteria define rightful authorship. They must all be met, as stated in the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE):It is common practice in z 1 humanities and social sciences to require that co-authors have actually helped write and complete z 1 manuscript.

In other words, it is not enough to have contributed to the intellectual work with z 1 article in a broad sense, for example a combination of data acquisition, critical revision and approval of the end product.

Other contributors must be credited or thanked in footnotes or a closing note (Acknowledgements). All forms of honorary authorship are unacceptable. Authorship must be limited to persons who have provided significant intellectual input to the research. General guidance, provision of funding or data acquisition do not in themselves qualify z 1 co-authorship.

An agreement must be made as early as possible in the research process, not least in large and s research projects, as to who will be listed as the co-authors of a publication, and how responsibilities and tasks are to zz distributed among the authors. All researchers and students are obliged to follow good citation practice. This is a prerequisite for critical examination and important for enabling further research.

Researchers and students are under an obligation to provide accurate references to the literature they use, whether this is primary or secondary literature. References should usually specify z 1 or pages, so that other persons can check the quotes and references.

Zz enables critical examination of assertions and arguments, including of how the sources are used. Both scientific disciplines and research institutions are responsible for establishing and communicating rules for good citation practice, as well as for zz understanding of these norms, ensuring compliance, and reacting to misconduct. Each researcher or student must conduct their research with integrity, and handle their sources honestly.

Z 1 plagiarist undermines not only his or her own reputation as and lasix researcher, but also the z 1 of the research. Both researchers and research institutions are responsible for preventing plagiarism. Plagiarism violates the duty of truthfulness in science, and the requirement of originality, humility and z 1. Researchers who build on the work of others z 1 cite their sources in accordance with good practice.



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